A Sonoma County Suffragent

Submitted by krinehart on October 16, 2019 - 3:06am
  • Portrait of Emmett Seawell courtesy of the Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley

    Portrait of Emmett Seawell courtesy of the Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley

As a precursor to the broadcast of a panel discussion focused on the role of men in the women's suffrage movement which will occur on Thursday, October 17, 2019, at the National Archives, I am pleased to share the following biographical sketch of a Sonoma County "suffragent" named Emmett Seawell (1862-1939) written by Steven M. Lovejoy, president of the Sonoma County Genealogical Society and member of the Sonoma County Historical Records Commission.

Emmett Seawell was a Sonoma County Superior Court Judge, 1903-1922; California Supreme Court Associate Justice, 1923-1939; and a strong supporter of women’s suffrage, especially during the successful 1911 campaign to pass an amendment to the California State Constitution giving women the right to vote.

Born in Yountville, Napa County, California, on 5 April 1862, Emmett Seawell was one of eleven children of William N. and Sarah A. (Rickman) Seawell. He came to Sonoma County as a young boy and attended public school in Santa Rosa. After working a few years in the printing trade he entered Pacific Methodist College and graduated from there in May 1887. He worked for a time as a reporter at various newspapers and then, in 1888 entered the law office of J. W. Oates. After his admission to the bar on 6, May 1890 Seawell formed a partnership with W. F. Cowen and practiced his profession in Santa Rosa. On 20 March 1892, he married Ida S. Graeter in Santa Rosa, and to this union, two children were born, Dorothy, in 1904, and Emmett James, in 1907. Seawell was elected District Attorney of Sonoma County in 1892 and again in 1895, serving a total of six years in that position. He ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1898 as a Democrat, but in 1902 he was elected as a Sonoma County Superior Court Judge, an office he held until 1922.

On 24 June 1911, Judge Seawell lent his courtroom for a meeting of the Santa Rosa Political Equality Club at which he and a number of other speakers discussed women’s suffrage. His address was described by the Press Democrat newspaper the next day as “eloquent and forceful,” tracing “the achievements of women in the history of the world,” and telling “of their bravery and distinguished service in the cause of humanity.” He “did not mince matters when he said he was in favor of suffrage for women.” On 22 August 1911 at a meeting of the Santa Rosa Political Equality Association at the Columbia Theater in Santa Rosa, attorney Frances McGaughey Martin, president of the Association, read a letter by Judge Seawell to the assembled crowd “eulogizing the movement in favor of the ballot for women.”

In 1922 Seawell was a candidate for associate justice of the California Supreme Court, and female voters were reminded of the Judge’s strong support of the women’s suffrage movement eleven years earlier. Frances McGaughey Martin wrote in an open letter, which was quoted in the Press Democrat: “The women workers in the memorable campaign of 1911 will recall how difficult it was to persuade men prominent in public life to declare themselves in sympathy with the cause we women were so earnestly battling for. One conspicuous figure who stood boldly with us throughout the entire fight and the 1911 campaign, which resulted in giving women the right of full citizenship was Judge Emmett Seawell. He spoke and worked publicly and effectively for women.” Philip M. Carey, an old family friend of the Seawells, spoke before the California League of Women Voters in Oakland in August 1922 and noted: “The women voters who were fighting for Women Suffrage in 1911 have never forgotten that he was their fearless and able champion then. In those days when the cause needed assistance, he gave early and valuable help.” Judge Seawell was elected to the California Supreme Court bench as an associate justice on 7 November 1922, no doubt with the support of many grateful women voters. He served in this position until 1939.

Judge Seawell died on 7 July 1939 of a heart attack while sitting with the California Supreme Court en banc in San Francisco. While the Court was hearing arguments, he quietly excused himself from the bench, walked to his chambers to lie down, and passed away.[4] He was buried on 10 July 1939 in Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, California after final rites at the Oakland Scottish Rite Temple and graveside services by the Grand Parlor of the Native Sons of the Golden West. He was a thirty-second degree Mason and a member of the Elks, the Rotary, and the Commonwealth Clubs. He was also a past grand president of the Native Sons of the Golden West.

Sources: 

Tom Gregory, History of Sonoma County, California, with Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men and Women of the County, who have been Identified with its Growth and Development from the Early Days to the Present Time (Los Angeles, California: Historic Record Company, 1911), 481–482.

 “Judge Seawell Addresses Political Equality Club,” The Press Democrat (Santa Rosa, California), 25 June 1911, p. 9, cols. 1–2.

 “A Splendid Address on Political Equality Here,” The Press Democrat (Santa Rosa, California), 23 August 1911, p. 10, cols. 1–2.

“Backing of Seawell as Suffrage Friend is Urged by S. R. Woman Attorney,” The Press Democrat (Santa Rosa, California), 16 July 1922, p. 3, cols. 3–4.

“Oakland Hears Glowing Tribute to Seawell as Friend Speaks For Him,” The Press Democrat (Santa Rosa, California), 9 August 1922, p. 6, cols. 2–3.

“Final Vote Count Shows Large Lead Given Richardson,” The Sacramento (California) Union, 16 December 1922, p. 1, col. 3 and p. 2., col. 4.

“State Justice Seawell Dies,” San Francisco (California) Examiner, 8 July 1939, p. 1, col. 2 and p. 6, cols. 1–3 and “Justice Emmet Seawell Dies Suddenly,” The Press Democrat (Santa Rosa, California), 8 July 1939, p. 1, cols. 7–8 and p. 3, cols. 1–3.

“Hundreds Join in Final Tribute to Justice Seawell,” Oakland (California) Tribune, 11 July 1939, Home Edition, p. 6, cols. 1–2 and Ancestry, Find A Grave, database with images (http://www.findagrave.com: accessed 4 August 2019), memorial 115882662, Judge Emmett Seawell (1862—1939), Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland, Alameda County, California; gravestone photograph by REHM.

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