Petaluma History Blog
Posted on January 05, 2021
“The past is a foreign country… they do things differently there”. L.P Hartley
While most of us are keeping our eyes on the new year, it’s always worth a look back to see just how far we’ve come. Last year began with hope and optimism for many on-site events and presentations, each requiring a shift to the technology that would work its best magic.
The Petaluma History Room collaborated with John Sheehy and the Petaluma Historical Library and Museum as well as the American Association of University Women to present two l look-backs at Petaluma history with women the link to them both. You can view these at the Library Youtube channel – they are well worth the visit.
Grab a cup of coffee or cocoa and sit back to enjoy:
Another enjoyable peek into the past is seeing how folks fared then; and gathering wisdom from their actions. I’ve put together a short slide timeline of Argus Courier articles on the use of masks during the 1918-1919 Flu pandemic. It began in 1918 as World War I was coming to a close. As the flu ramped up all over the world, mask restrictions were put in place, dances halted, and schools closed. Sound familiar? When the war ended; in November, things were looking up – it seemed that the flu was abating. But a second wave came with a power no one expected. Click here to see the timeline and how the Argus presented the situation 1918-Masks-in-Petaluma.pdf
And that… it’s time to look forward. Listening to the stories from the past is a good way to understand what’s happening today. Petaluma is blessed with historians who are willing to share their interest through blogs, newsletters and community organizations. Here are some you should know about and … Take a moment to visit their sites and read through the stories. You may find yourself walking through downtown and mentioning to your friends: “did you there was once a hotel on this site?”. You’ll never see this town in the same way again; you’ll see its rich history in every shop you visit. Enjoy!!
John Sheehy’s Blog: The Petaluma Historian: https://petalumahistorian.com
John grew up in here the heart of Petaluma. In his blog he shares colorful stories of interesting individuals and events across a wide-range of topics and eras. Who knew Petaluma was so rich with characters?!
Jeff Elliott’s Blog: Santa Rosa History: http://santarosahistory.com/wordpress/author/jeff-elliott/
Providing a wealth of stories about Sonoma County, Elliott brings a veteran journalist’s expertise to his writings and research. Check in often. There are hundreds of posts and you can jumpstart your own research.
Katherine Rinehart’s Blog: https://kjrinehart.com/blog/
Author of the book Petaluma: A History in Architecture, and former manager of the Sonoma County History and Genealogy Library and Sonoma County Archives, her blog includes stories behind many local buildings and landscapes. This exploring of events as they occurred offers us a unique perspective about things we may have wondered about the places we pass by every day.
The Sonoma County Library’s History and Genealogy Library Newsletter and Blog: https://sonomalibrary.org/locations/sonoma-county-history-and-genealogy-library
Written by H & G Library staff members, the newsletter includes top notch interviews, a look at library services and acquisitions, and in-depth stories about materials at the library.
The Petaluma Historical Library and Museum: https://www.petalumamuseum.com
While access to the newsletter is through membership, note the museum’s website. It provides online news of events and includes many virtual events that you can access.
Posted on July 27, 2020
Given America’s bedrock belief in the right to privacy and individual freedoms, answering questions for the Census has always raised questions by some who are concerned that the government may be intruding too much into people’s lives.
Petaluma has been participating in census taking since 1850, the year California became a state. That first survey, a copy of which resides in the Petaluma History Room consists of twelve randomly numbered pages, and lists residents who came to Petaluma from all over the world, including England, Peru, Mexico, the Sandwich Islands, Switzerland, and a number of American states. Most of the occupations listed are farmer, laborer, clerk, or merchant.
The fifteen national censuses undertaken every decade since are critical to businesses, government, and other organizations that rely on census information for decision-making and community design. The Argus-Courier and its predecessors provide a wonderful view into the concerns and reasons for taking part in the census. In 1910, the Petaluma Argus encouraged everyone to participate and noting that: “there’s nothing in it for the Argus except that it takes pride in this city and in getting all that is coming in population as well as in other matters.”
Concern that everyone be counted prompted the Argus-Courier to continue to encourage participation by inviting readers who might not know where or how to get counted to contact the paper; which would connect them to the proper folks.
May 13, 1910
Why did they think it was important to be counted? Because in December of 1910, after the count came in, California was awarded four new seats in the U.S. Congress. More congressional seats equaled more political power for a growing state, made possible thanks to the census.
Dec 2, 1910
The newspaper also offered this advice: “Don’t be suspicious or ‘cagey’ in your answers. Give the facts, even if they seem personal. They will be held in confidence and not used against you.”
Questions about the kinds of questions included in the census are as old as the census itself.
“It’s getting to the point,” the Argus-Courier reported a senator from Pennsylvania saying in 1940, “where a housewife will have to account for her pots and pans and a man will have to take inventory of his tackle.” That same year, President Franklin Roosevelt went out of his way to reassure citizens “there need be no fear that any disclosure will be made regarding any individual person or his affairs.”
There is always the issue of the census takers. Petaluma’s 1850 census contains a footnote that states: “The 1850 census-taker was an extremely inaccurate man who took no time to get the correct spelling of names and his handwriting in many instances is illegible.”
Sonoma County Journal
Jan 27, 1860
Two issues in attracting census takers since the beginning have been money and proper aptitude. In 1860, census takers earned a lucrative $10 a day, or roughly $290 in today’s currency (approximagely $34 per hour for an eight-hour day).
To be more selective in hiring local census takers, in 1940, a test was administered for 150 aspiring census takers, of which 55 were ultimately chosen.
Sonoma County Journal
Jan 27, 1860
Likewise, in 1980, prospective census workers in Petaluma needed to pass a test for positions that started at an hourly rate of $3.50, or $11 in today’s currency:
In the 1930s, when Petaluma was still largely rural, the Argus-Courier encouraged everyone who lived on a farm to remember the census taker might be frightened away by barking dogs. “When the census taker calls,” the editor recommended, “tie your dog and greet your visitor with a smile. He is just a hard working emissary of Uncle Sam. And a human being to boot.”
It also offered some advice for census takers who turned up during supper time:
While most of the data captured and used in a census pertain to issues of the day, for historians, genealogists, and others interested in finding information on their family roots, information collected in census records is critical. This year’s census, like those before it, will help future generations in understanding our lives today.
On that score, while it was not a part of the official U.S. Census, during the 1930 census in Oakland, a proposed local ordinance outlawing the private ownership of chickens and other fowl led to the city conducting a “hen census.” I thought that their conclusion was pretty spot on:
Apr. 2, 1930
Posted on February 07, 2020
This is the first in a new monthly series of blog posts – please join in and comment with insights and experiences...and some family history if you have some! Each month we’ll pick a topic to consider and I’ll include some images found in the Sonoma County Library Special Collections, newspapers, books, and when possible some on-line links so that you can follow up and get the whole story.
Reading the news of the day, especially as the election here in town unfolded, the topic of dredging came up as part of the election conversation. I thought it would be an interesting look into the history of dredging here in Petaluma and discovered that it’s been a topic not only of conversation, but of interest to a wide variety of people from the Petaluma’s very beginning.
As early as the 1860’s, the newspaper reported on the desire to dredge the river. In February of 1892 Charles Minturn, the owner of the Steamer Petaluma “has commenced the work of straightening the creek so as to establish a landing for his boat at, or near, the Italian garden, one mile below this city”. (Petaluma Argus, Tues Feb 11, 1862). The ability to travel from here to San Francisco was desirable not only economically for shipping goods, but for local citizens.
A brief history of the River in the September 25, 2015 Argus Courier
Around the late 1870’s new styles of dredging machines were invented and utilized on rivers across the country. They invited much speculation as to their possible use here. Finally in 1876, A bill was introduced, and passed in Congress to appropriate $25,000 for “the improvement of Petaluma Creek” (Petaluma Weekly Argus April 28, 1876). Work was accomplished, and the Steamers Gold and Petaluma among others plied their trade up and down the Creek.
Through the years, the improvement of Petaluma Creek had its ups and downs with community desire and financing determining the ability to complete a regular dredging. It was in the late 1950’s that newly elected Congressman Clem Miller discovered that regulations in Washington determined whether a town could access the Army Corps of Engineers financing and assistance for dredging. Turns out – they’d dredge a river; but not a creek. This was a hurdle that Congressman Miller was determined to climb.
He introduced a bill that would establish the Petaluma Creek as officially: Petaluma River.
The process of moving a bill through Congress is sluggish at best, but after it passed in August of 1959, Petaluma is moved forward in the process towards getting a River. All it needed was the President’s signature.
The Congressional Record shows no objection to the bill and it passed with little fanfare. The Record also shows a little back and forth conversation about the bill – with reference to the Army Corps of Engineers (did they not know the reason for the change? Maybe not!). Public las 86-193 was passed into law on August 25, 1959.
The Argus Courier, on August 29, 1959 celebrates the re-naming of the Petaluma Creek. It is now officially: Petaluma River.
The result of all this was a movement forward to the dredging of the River. This on-going improvement will be a part of Petaluma’s conversation for many years. Learn more about dredging and the focus being taken by the Petaluma City Council and Mayor Barrett’s “Dredge Pledge”
UPDATE: on February 2, 2020, Congressman Jared Huffman announced that the Army Corps of Engineers has allocated $9.7 million dollars towards dredging the river. Watch for more news as the process begins... and watch for wonderful results!
Clement Miller became best known for his work as the “Congressman who introduced the legislation advocating for the formation of the Point Reyes National Seashore, thus saving us from freeways and condos”. (Dave Cook Pt. Reyes Light, 8/31/2017)
Clem Miller died in a plane crash in 1962; and was the subject of the movie “Rebels with a Cause”
The Point Reyes Environmental Education Center is named for him.